Digital Nomad visas: 45 countries offering visa schemes to UK workers

Ditch the office cubicle and explore a world of new remote working options with our guide to the top digital nomad visas.

Our experts

We are a team of writers, experimenters and researchers providing you with the best advice with zero bias or partiality.
Written and reviewed by:
Helena Young

Ever dreamt of switching the daily grind for an ocean breeze? How about trading a full email inbox for a cocktail refill, or replacing grey skies with blue horizons? 

Thanks to an emerging employee benefit, UK remote workers no longer have to dream about working from abroad. With a digital nomad visa, they can swap the meeting room for a Mediterranean Sea view – even as a freelancer or if running a self-employed business.

Digital nomad visas grant workers the right to legally live in another country, while working online and earning from their home country. If you're yearning for a lifestyle beyond the confines of the office, you’ll have the complete freedom to make your desk a cosy café in Lisbon, or a beachfront bungalow in Bali. 

As the world shifts towards remote working, dozens of countries have announced their own digital nomad visa programs, opening up more corridors and cultures than ever before. So where might this passport to paradise take you in 2024?

The below guide will go through the programs worldwide that offer visas for remote employees, freelancers, and sole traders from the UK. By the end, you’ll have everything you need to pack up your office and unleash your wanderlust.

What is a Digital Nomad visa?

A digital nomad visa is an official document or program that grants the holder the legal right to work remotely outside of their country of birth or residence. They could be appealing to any employee with a fully-remote employer, but tend to be favoured by freelance workers or sole traders.

Digital nomads choose to live in a location away from their home country, relying on an internet connection to carry out work duties. This lifestyle has grown in popularity due to the global adoption of remote work post-COVID, which has rendered the office unnecessary for many business tasks and interactions.

Most governments will permit digital nomads to set up a workstation for a short term, visa-free stay. You’re unlikely to be penalised for opening your laptop on holiday to send a few essential emails, after all. 

But, for those who want to stay in a location for longer, and fully immerse themselves in a new culture and community, a specialist digital nomad visa is the best option.

Many countries have started to offer digital nomad visas as a way to encourage remote workers to invest in the local economy. Importantly, some have introduced minimum earning requirements and application fees, in order to fast-track higher earners.

European countries offering digital nomad visas

One of the biggest pull factors of a European digital nomad visa is the variety. From sunny Portugal, to snowy Norway, the region is a real buffet for cultural diversity. It also boasts a minimal time difference for UK workers compared to locations further down this list.

Due to its popularity with UK renegades, there are lots of money-related entry stipulations on the continent. Brexit has, of course, made things harder for expats. Still, 16 countries have opened their borders to nomad newcomers. Here’s a breakdown of their pros, cons, and costs:

1. Albania

Panorama of Tirana and largest mosque in Albania

Why work in Albania? With its historic architecture, rolling mountain scenery, and spotless beaches; Albania provides a whole library of outstanding backdrops for your Zoom calls.

Albania introduced its “Unique Permit” in November 2022. Since then, a small but growing cohort have leapt onto this little-known digital nomad haven, which has both sun and sea at an affordable price. That means in established cities – like the capital Tirana or the village of Madeira – there’s a ready-made network of fellow remote employees to welcome new faces.

UK time difference: GMT + 1 hour
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
Free
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to five years

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: Bank statement, employer contract, proof of accommodation secured in Albania, residence permit of more than 12 months from your country of residence

2. Croatia

A panoramic view of the walled city, Dubrovnik Croatia

Why work in Croatia? Boasting a gorgeous coastline with picturesque port towns and cities, Croatia is an ideal location for a weekend of sun and island-hopping, after you’ve completed your nomad working week. Visitors will also delight in Croatia’s rich food history, influenced by Slavic, Roman, and Turkish cuisines.

You can thank Jan de Jong for launching the Croatian digital nomad visa. A US citizen, de Jong visited the country in 2020 and noticed it was struggling to recover economically post-pandemic. In an open letter to the Prime Minister on LinkedIn, Jong suggested the country introduce a digital nomad scheme – Croatia promptly did so in January 2021.

UK time difference: GMT + 1 hour
Visa length:
12 months
Visa cost:
€80 (around £70)
Is it renewable?
No

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof that you will not work for employers based in Croatia, minimum income of £2,225 per month, proof of secured accommodation in Croatia.

3. Cyprus

Cyprus

Why work in Cyprus? Situated in the middle of the crystal-blue Mediterranean sea, Cyprus will leave you itching to put your ‘out of office’ on the moment your tasklist is done. Aside from its sand, hotels and delicious foods, the island is lesser known for its beautiful mountain ranges and southwest vineyards.

If you’re thinking of working remotely in Cyprus, you’re certainly not the first. Cyprus first introduced its digital nomad visa in 2021, with a cap of 100 applicants due to high-demand. Thankfully, in 2022, it extended the ceiling to 500.

UK time difference: GMT + 2 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
€70 (est. £65)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to two years

Where can I apply? Submit completed application form to the Cypriot embassy in London
Visa criteria:
minimum income requirement of £3,050 per month, proof of secured accommodation in Cyprus, proof that you will not work for employers based in Cyprus

4. Czech Republic

Czech Republic

Why work in the Czech Republic? Whether swimming in the Vltava River, or eating a hearty stew amongst the Gothic architecture of Prague, the diverse landscape of the Czech Republic is enough to satisfy even the most extreme cases of worker wanderlust.

Launched in July 2023, the Czech Republic's “Digital Nomad” program is aimed at fast-tracking the visa process for IT professionals. It allows tech freelancers to work independently in the Czech Republic for one year if they can also obtain a ‘Živnostenské oprávnění’ business licence.

UK time difference: GMT + 1 hour
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
£35
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to three years (Czech trade licence must be also be renewed)

Where can I apply? You’ll need to pass the immigration interview at the Czech embassy in London
Visa criteria:
proof of a business plan, website, or card, Czech trade licence, minimum monthly income of £1,500, proof of secured accommodation in the Czech Republic

5. Estonia

Medieval old town of Tallinn, Estonia

Why work in Estonia? Despite its small size, Estonia is full of surprises. Its long coastline is dotted with 2,222 islands, each of which boasts stunning forests and salt marshes, while its cities present a beautiful mix of medieval and modern architecture with bustling nightlife.

Back in 2005, Skype became Estonia’s first tech unicorn. Since then, Estonia has birthed hundreds of fast-growth startups, and introduced a raft of programmes to help boost growth. As a result, it’s a prime destination for tech remote workers and startup founders. However, a fairly steep minimum income requirement (see below) may limit those able to apply.

UK time difference: GMT + 2 hours
Visa length:
One year (Type D visa) or six months (Type C visa)
Visa cost:
€100 for Type D visa (est. £87); or €80 for Type C visa (est. £70)
Is it renewable?
No

Where can I apply? Submit completed application form to the Estonian embassy in London
Visa criteria:
minimum income requirement of £3,900 per month, proof of employment

6. Georgia

Beautiful panoramic view of Tbilisi at sunset, Georgia country

Why work in Georgia? Georgia is a small and beautiful country with diverse nature and a mild climate. Its historic, red-roofed cities provide miles of panoramic views across the Caucasus Mountains and Black Sea beaches.

Valid for up to 95 nationalities, the “Remotely from Georgia” program is one of the most liberal that’s available in Europe. Once expired, UK workers can renew or apply to the Individual Entrepreneur visa, which allows you to apply for a residence permit.

UK time difference: GMT + 4 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
Free
Is it renewable?
Yes

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of employment or self-employment

7. Germany

Berlin skyline panorama with TV tower and Spree river at sunset,

Why work in Germany? Beyond natural lakes and mountains, and abundant cultural attractions, Germany is renowned for having a very good standard of living. Whether you’re an admirer of the Bavarian culture and beer tents of Munich, or a creative night owl in Berlin, Germany provides plenty of support and a strong digital infrastructure for freelancers.

Applicants need to obtain both a “D-Visa” or “Freelancer Visa” and then a Residence Permit. The former allows you to enter Germany for three months, while the latter allows you to live and work there long-term for up to three years.

UK time difference: GMT + 1 hour
Visa length:
Three months
Visa cost:
£65 (embassy fee) + £88 (German immigration fee)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to three years

Where can I apply? Applications for a “D-Visa” or “Freelancer Visa” must be submitted at the German embassy in London or Edinburgh
Visa criteria:
proof of interest from German clients, minimum annual income of £7,800, proof of secured accommodation, registration number (if working as a business owner)

8. Greece

Greece

Why work in Greece? Greece offers a unique blend of stunning scenery, rich culture, and a fast-growing digital nomad community. Greeks are known for their hospitality, and the “Greece Nomad Visa” scheme is no different. 2,000 people reportedly worked remotely from the country in September 2023 alone.

Most nomads choose to settle in Athens. Affordable living expenses, combined with a buzzing nightlife, make this an ideal destination to work remotely and experience the allure of the relaxed Mediterranean lifestyle.

UK time difference: GMT + 2 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
€79 (est. £69)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to two years

Where can I apply? Fill in application form at the Greek embassy in London
Visa criteria:
minimum income requirement of £3,232 per month, proof your employer is not based in Greece, company licence and registration number (if self-employed)

9. Hungary

Budapest city skyline at Hungalian Parliament and Danube River, Budapest, Hungary

Why work in Hungary? Also known as the “White Card”, Hungary’s digital nomad visa allows you to stay in the country for up to five years. Applicants can experience Hungary’s vibrant culture, stunning natural landscapes, and affordable living costs.

Centrally-located in the middle of Europe, Hungary makes it easy to travel to neighbouring countries, explore the continent, and experience different cultures. English is also widely spoken here, which eliminates the language barrier when working abroad.

UK time difference: GMT + 1 hour
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
€79 (est. £96)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to five years

Where can I apply? Submit completed application form to the Hungarian embassy in London, Manchester, or Edinburgh
Visa criteria:
minimum income requirement of £1,751 per month, proof of secured accommodation in Hungary, proof your employer is based outside Hungary

10. Iceland

Reykjavik the capital city of Iceland.

Why work in Iceland? First introduced back in 2020, the Icelandic digital nomad visa is one of the most popular remote work locations – which is reflected in its tight restrictions. The country’s safe and friendly urban areas have a strong Nordic feel, making it a desirable destination for UK professionals wanting to experience a big cultural change.

Iceland’s geography is also in complete contrast to the UK’s flat countryside. Digital nomads looking up from their laptops will be wowed by a huge range of breathtaking glaciers, volcanoes, lava fields, hot springs, waterfalls, and black sand beaches. Be warned, though, there is a high monthly income requirement for the visa scheme.

UK time difference: No time difference
Visa length:
Six months
Visa cost:
€87 (est £76.89)
Is it renewable?
No

Where can I apply? Mail application form to the Directorate of Immigration
Visa criteria:
minimum income requirement of £5,606 per month, proof your employer is based outside Iceland

11. Latvia

Latvia

Why work in Latvia? Latvia is a Baltic nation boasting one of the greenest landscapes in Europe – some 54% of the country is forest. Famed for its folklore, Latvia’s Song and Dance Festival is one of the world’s largest amateur choral and dancing events.

According to the Citizenship and Migration Affairs Office (PMLP), as of late 2023, only five visas had been issued one year after the “Remote Work Permit” was introduced back in 2022. That makes Latvia an undiscovered gem for digital nomads wanting some off the beaten remote track.

UK time difference: GMT + 2 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
€60 (est £52)
Is it renewable?
Yes, for up to two years

Where can I apply? Submit completed application form to the Latvian embassy in London
Visa criteria:
minimum income requirement of £4,000 per month, proof your employer is based outside Latvia

12. Malta

Aerial view of Lady of Mount Carmel church, St.Paul's Cathedral in Valletta city, Malta

Why work in Malta? Malta is famous for its incredible coastal landscapes, glittering Mediterranean sea views, and stunning churches – all of which look like they belong on a travel brochure. English is also an official language, making it well-suited to UK nomads.

Malta's “Nomad Residence Permit” is the most expensive in Europe to obtain, at £262. However, it offers attractive tax benefits for digital nomads. You can work remotely while enjoying tax exemption on your worldwide income, making Malta an ideal destination to save money, and giving your employer one less headache back home.

UK time difference: GMT + 1 hour
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
€300 (est £262)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to three years

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: minimum income requirement of £2,364 per month, proof your employer is based outside Malta, proof of secured accommodation in Malta

13. Norway

Colorful houses in the Longyearbyen settlement on the island of Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Norway

Why work in Norway? While not strictly a digital nomad visa, Norway’s “Independent Contractor” visa is open to any UK resident who owns a business. That makes it ideal for founders who want to experience Norway’s stunning natural fjords and arctic scenery, as well as its high quality of life and inviting local communities.

To qualify for the program, the applicant must hold a contract with at least one client in Norway. That means it will not be suitable for every freelancer.

UK time difference: GMT + 1 hour
Visa length:
Two years
Visa cost:
€600 (est. £525)
Is it renewable?
No

Where can I apply? Visit the Norwegian embassy in London and complete the application form
Visa criteria:
must have at least one Norwegian client, minimum income requirement of £2,606 per month, proof of secured accommodation in Norway, proof of business ownership

14. Portugal

Lisbon's Gloria funicular classified as a national monument opened 1885 located on the west side of the Avenida da Liberdade connects downtown withBairro Alto.

Why work in Portugal? Portugal has become Europe’s mecca for remote workers. In recent years, hundreds of coworking spaces and events catering to teleworking needs have popped up (not to mention a 10% tax rate for workers) to the extent that the government has taken steps to stem the tide of nomads applying for residency in its cities.

The biggest winner from this influx has been the capital, Lisbon. Known for its tiled streets, pastel buildings, and lively atmosphere, Lisbon has been a huge draw for digital nomads – who’ve been pricing unhappy local residents out of the rental market. But, Portugal boasts many other cities that exude a more traditional charm, and there are still corners to be explored for new applicants.

UK time difference: No time difference
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
€83 (est. £72)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to five years

Where can I apply? Submit completed application form to the Portuguese embassy in London or Manchester
Visa criteria:
minimum income requirement of £2,541 per month, proof your employer is based outside Portugal, proof of secured accommodation in Portugal

15. Romania

Romania

Why work in Romania? Romania launched its “Romania Digital Nomad Visa” at the beginning of 2023 in an attempt to attract around 2,000 international workers to its ancient castles and mountain forests. It appears to have worked.

In a recent study, Romania was voted the top destination for remote workers. The country stood out as a top-quality, budget EU destination boasting tax incentives, affordable rental options, and quality internet connectivity.

UK time difference: GMT + 2 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
TBC
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to two years

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: minimum income requirement of £3,256 per month, proof your employer is based outside Romania.

16. Spain

Spain

Why work in Spain? Known for having one of the most vibrant cultures in Europe, Spain’s digital nomad visa grants applicants a taste of the country's relaxed lifestyle, stunning architecture, and world-famous cuisine.

Workers can choose from a variety of settings for your remote office, from the bustling streets of Barcelona or Madrid, to picturesque villages nestled among rolling hills and vineyards. Unlike other visas, up to 20% of income can also come from Spanish clients, encouraging networking and growth.

UK time difference: GMT + 1 hour
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
€80 (est. £70)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to five years

Where can I apply? Submit completed application form to the Spanish embassy in London, Manchester, or Edinburgh
Visa criteria:
minimum income requirement of £1,891 per month, proof your employer is based outside Spain, proof the business has been in operation for 1+ years

Caribbean countries offering digital nomad visas

You won’t find a region that’s less like the UK than the captivating Caribbean. Known for its warm, sunny weather and stunning beaches, the area is an ideal location for Brits to escape the cold winter seasons and enjoy a seaside holiday all year-round.

As one of the earliest regions to begin advertising digital nomad visas, 12 Caribbean governments have introduced the benefit to UK remote workers since 2020. Here’s a quick breakdown of their pros, cons, and costs:

1. Anguilla

Aerial view of Caribbean island of Anguilla

Why work in Anguilla? Fancy setting up your workstation on Shoal Bay East, the world’s number one beach? Then visit Anguilla, the island known for luxurious resorts, world-class barbeque cuisine, and no fewer than 33 sandy white beaches that are relatively uncrowded – even in peak tourist season.

Anguilla introduced its digital nomad program in 2020, under the tagline: “Lose The Crowd Find Yourself. Work. Life. Bliss.” It’s hard to argue with that offer. Under its terms, individuals can work remotely from the island for up to three years.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
$2,000 (est. £1,600)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to three years

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of pre-arranged transfer to and from Anguilla.

2. Antigua and Barbuda

Sunset at English Harbor, Antigua and Barbuda

Why work in Antigua and Barbuda? Antigua and Barbuda boasts a proud history. Referred to as Wadadli, meaning “our own”, by locals, visitors are invited to the island’s museums to learn about the country’s maritime heritage, watch a game of Warri being played on its reef-lined beaches, or dance to steelpan drums at its vibrant carnivals.

As a boost to its tourism sector, the government launched the “Antigua Nomad Digital Residence” program back in 2020. Antigua and Barbuda is now one of the most visited islands by those looking for a relaxing time surrounded by nature.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
Two years
Visa cost:
$1,500 (est. £1,200)
Is it renewable?
No

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: minimum annual income of £40,000, proof of employment or self-employment.

3. Aruba

Palm Beach, Aruba, looking north toward Malmok Beach

Why work in Aruba? Known as “One Happy Island”, Aruba has long fascinated tourists thanks to its breathtaking white beaches to make the Beach Boys proud. But it has lots to offer in-land, including its delicious national food, Keshi Yena; exciting watersports; and desert-like hills filled with tall cacti.

Aruba’s digital nomad visa is fittingly called the “One Happy Workation” programme. Valid for 90 days, it also gives the holder discounts on accommodation and things to do on the island.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
Three months
Visa cost:
€80 (est. £70)
Is it renewable?
No

Where can I apply? Take all relevant documents to a pre-arranged in-person interview at the Dutch embassy in London
Visa criteria:
proof of secured accommodation in Aruba, return ticket, proof of sufficient income for your stay (around £10,000)

4. Barbados

Colourful houses on the tropical island of Barbados in the Carribean

Why work in Barbados? With its miles of palm tree-lined beaches – all of which are free to access – famous Friday night fish fry, exciting pirate history, and huge underground cave system, Barbados is full of hidden treasures to give visitors a delicious taste of the Caribbean lifestyle. And, of course, its national drink: rum.

The island’s digital nomad visa is officially called the “Barbados Welcome Stamp Visa”. Introduced in 2020, it is very competitive and therefore one of the few Caribbean islands to instil an annual income requirement for applicants.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
$2,000 (est. £1,600)
Is it renewable?
Yes

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: minimum annual income of £40,000.

5. Bahamas

Scenic view of an idyllic beach at Nassau, Bahamas, on Paradise

Why work in the Bahamas? Consisting of 2,000 secluded white beach islands, all with a tropical climate, the Bahamas and its “Bahamas Extended Access Travel Stay (BEATS)” visa offers the perfect chance to turn your aspirational desktop background into a reality.

Generous tax incentives have also made the Bahamas one of the main offshore sites for North American companies. As a result, its nomad community blossoms all year-round just like the island’s national plant, the Yellow Elder.

UK time difference: GMT – 5 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
application fee of $25 (est. £20) + residence fee of $1,000 (est. £800)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to three years

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of sufficient income for your stay (required amount not specified), proof of employment or self-employment.

6. Bermuda

Bermuda

Why work in Bermuda? With its white-roofed houses, glistening azure-coloured ports, and lush tropical flora, Bermuda's 120 rocky islands are as bright and colourful as the country’s vibrant culture. Coupled with superfast WiFi, plus a great collection of cafes for coworking, remote workers can experience a perfect blend of work and relaxation.

Sole traders or employees should apply for the island’s “Work from Bermuda Certificate”, a digital nomad visa that permits holders to live in the country for at least one year.

UK time difference: GMT – 5 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
$263 (est. £210)
Is it renewable?
Yes

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of sufficient income for your stay (required amount not specified), proof of employment or self-employment.

7. Cayman Islands

Cayman Islands

Why work in the Cayman Islands? Composed of three Islands – Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman – the Caymans are an excellent location for digital nomads to swap out grey office walls for tropical sun, Jamaican-inspired cuisine, and relaxing beaches.

Lining Grand Cayman is the pristine, snorkelling hotspot, Seven Mile Beach. Located within walking distance to restaurants, shops and amenities on the island, it is a popular destination for those applying to the “Global Citizen Concierge Program (GCCP)”.

UK time difference: GMT – 5 hours
Visa length:
Two years
Visa cost:
$1,469 (est. £1,200)
Is it renewable?
Yes

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: minimum annual income of £80,000, proof of employment or self-employment, proof of legal existence of employer or company, bank statements from the past six months.

8. Curaçao

View of downtown Willemstad. Curacao, Netherlands Antilles

Why work in Curaçao? Curaçao has also the trappings of Caribbean paradise, including top beaches, a laid-back atmosphere, and brightly-coloured Dutch-inspired architecture. Boasting some of the most diverse and world-class dive sites, it is also a particular haven for coral reefs teeming with colourful fish, turtles, and dolphins.

Remote workers should apply for the “@Home in Curaçao” program, a six-month digital nomad visa extendable for up to one year, to call this unique and exciting island their home.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
Six months
Visa cost:
$294 (est. £235)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to one year

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of sufficient income for your stay (required amount not specified), return plane ticket, proof of secured accommodation in Curaçao.

9. Dominica

Dominica

Why work in Dominica? As you’d expect from the island known as the ‘Nature Island of the Caribbean', Dominica offers a wealth of activities beyond the typical tourist hotspots. Home to a wealth of lakes, forests, and wildlife for hiking trails, it can also claim the highest mountain in the Caribbean sea, Morne Diablotin.

Those wanting to embrace an outdoorsy lifestyle should apply to Dominica’s unique “Work in Nature (WIN)” program. Through it, remote workers also receive tax exemption on income, capital gains, and dividends, allowing them to make significant savings.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
18 months
Visa cost:
$800 (est. £631)
Is it renewable?
No

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of employment or self-employment, minimum annual income of £40,000.

10. Grenada

Grenada

Why work in Grenada? Grenada’s national dish is Oil Down, a one-pot stew that combines enough ingredients to cater to just about anybody – just like its island. Whether you prefer yoga on the beach, off-beat adventures, or buzzing nightlife, there is something for everyone in Grenada’s even mix of work and play.

Unfortunately, no online submission process has been available for the “Grenada Digital Nomad Visa” since it launched in 2021. Remote workers must instead submit a paper form to the Grenadian embassy in London.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
$1,500 (est. £1,200)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to two years

Where can I apply? Mail complete application form to the Grenada embassy in London.
Visa criteria:
proof of sufficient income for your stay (required amount not specified), proof of health insurance.

11. Montserrat

Montserrat

Why work in Montserrat? Constant sea and mountain breezes means that Montserrat has the lowest humidity in the entire Caribbean, making it ideal for homebodies who can see a touch of rural English countryside in Montserrat’s green hills and pleasant villages.

Montserrat’s ex-capital, Plymouth, was evacuated in 1995, when the Soufrière Hills volcano erupted. About two thirds of the island’s population left as a result, and Montserrat has introduced the “Remote Workers Stamp” in 2021 in part to boost its economic growth and recovery. Brades, the new capital, is the perfect small city for reclusive remote workers.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length: One year Visa cost: $500 (est. £400)
Is it renewable? Yes

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: minimum annual income of £65,000, proof you will not work for a company based in Montserrat.

12. Saint Lucia

Sunrise over the pitons in Saint Lucia

Why work in Saint Lucia? Nestled at the heart of the Caribbean Sea, Saint Lucia offers a fascinating cultural blend of African, European, and the Caribbean, as seen in the island's tantalising cuisine, infectious Soca music, and lively street parties and festivals.

Digital workers should apply for the island's “Live It” visa. Introduced in 2021, this coveted visa also grants access to a world of natural wonders, from Sulphur Springs – the world's only drive-in volcano – to the majestic Piton Mountains and glittering Diamond Waterfall.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
$45 (est. £37)
Is it renewable?
No

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of secured accommodation in Saint Lucia, round-trip ticket, proof of sufficient income for your stay (required amount not specified), letter confirming employment

Asian and Middle Eastern countries offering digital nomad visas

It is hard to separate the phrase ‘digital nomad’ from images of Bali treehouses and Thai beaches. Southeast Asia has become the central hub for remote working, as nomads are drawn to the region’s budget living costs and slowed-down lifestyle.

Despite the rise in remote workers basing themselves in the region, most expats have had to find loophole visas, or rely on short-term programs, to enter the country. High competition means official digital nomad visas tend to be heavily restricted.

Four countries across Asia, and one in the Middle East, have opened their borders to UK digital nomad workers. Here’s a quick breakdown of their pros, cons, and costs:

1. Indonesia

Rice tarrace in mountains. Bali. Indonesia

Why work in Indonesia? We couldn’t write an article about digital nomads without mentioning Indonesia; one of the most well-trodden paths for remote working. Every year, hundreds of teleworkers are drawn to the country’s vibrant heritage, luscious green jungles, and friendly locals.

Despite Indonesia’s popularity with digital nomads – particularly Bali, the go-to island for many – the country has no specific visa for remote workers. Instead, the “B211a Business Visa” permits sole traders to carry out non-Indonesia related work activities without paying income tax.

When should I visit to avoid the rainy season? April to October
UK time difference:
GMT + 7 hours
Visa length:
60 days
Visa cost:
£90
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to 180 days

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of having at least £1,599 in savings, proof your employer is based outside Indonesia.

2. Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur. Cityscape image of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia during s

Why work in Malaysia? Malaysia offers a unique opportunity to blend cultural exploration and a relaxed lifestyle into your everyday work routine. Visitors will likely get their first glimpse of the country through Kuala Lumpur's glass skyscrapers, and from there move onto spectacular beaches and sprawling rainforests – all for a low cost.

The “DE Rantau Nomad Pass” is the best visa option for remote employees. Through the scheme, workers in specific digital sectors can stay in the country for up to one year.

When should I visit to avoid the rainy season? February to September
UK time difference:
GMT + 8 hours
Visa length:
3-12 months
Visa cost:
£180
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to one year

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: minimum income requirement of £19,181 per year, proof of employment or freelancing contracts. You must also work in only the below professions:

  • Digital marketing
  • Digital creative content
  • Digital content development
  • Software development
  • UX
  • UI
  • Cybersecurity
  • Blockchain
  • AI
  • Machine learning
  • Data analysis

3. Taiwan

Panoramic view of Taipei City in Taiwan

Why work in Taiwan? Taiwan offers an ideal balance for adventurous remote workers. Alongside a thriving tech sector and strong digital infrastructure, visitors can also marvel at the country’s ancient temples, lively night markets, and green metropolises.

Taiwan’s “Employment Gold Card” consists of a work permit, residence permit, and visa for skilled professionals. Unusually, the card also entitles you to work for a Taiwanese company or start your own enterprise in Taiwan.

UK time difference: GMT + 8 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
£80
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to three years 

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: minimum income requirement of £4,555 per month, proof of employment

4. Thailand

High angle view Bangkok Thailand

Why work in Thailand? Thailand is a real backpacker’s haven, and well-known for being one of the easiest southeast Asian countries in which to travel. It’s ideal for those who are looking to pitch up their laptop amongst atmospheric river plains, sandy beaches, and bustling, colourful cities.

Thailand’s long-term working visa for nomads is phenomenally expensive (£12,000 per year) and is designed for those who are seeking to live in the country for 10+ years. The 90-day “Non-Immigrant Visa” is the best option for short-term working.

When should I visit to avoid the rainy season? October to May
UK time difference: GMT + 7 hours
Visa length:
up to 90 days
Visa cost:
£45
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to three years

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: None

5. United Arab Emirates (UAE)

DUBAI ,UNITED ARAB EMIRATES-FEBRUARY 18, 2017: Beautiful Dubai d

Why work in the UAE? Dubai, the capital of the UAE, is a city known for ultra-modern architecture and a lively nightlife scene. Its streets are clean, safe, filled with luxury outlets, and situated next to the serene sand dunes of the Arabian Desert.

Naturally, a competitive location like Dubai does have a higher price point. Dubai’s digital nomad visa is called “Work Remotely from Dubai” and also covers the cost of an Emirates ID; a document which grants the holder access to banking, phone lines, and housing.

UK time difference: GMT + 4 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
£488 (includes Emirates ID)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to five years

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of secured accommodation in Dubai, minimum income requirement of £4,000 per month, medical insurance

Latin American countries offering digital nomad visas

Home to a vibrant tapestry of ethnicities, languages, and traditions, each with its distinct charm and allure, Latin America provides the perfect backdrop for remote workers wanting to immerse themselves in a culture far-removed from the day-to-day trappings of the UK.

In this region, visa processing varies dramatically depending on your country of choice. However, one excellent advantage compared to Europe and other regions is that most of Latin America require lower minimum incomes, promising greater accessibility for those who aren’t in the top percentile of earners.

Nine countries across Latin America have opened their borders to UK digital nomad workers so far. Here’s a quick breakdown of their pros, cons, and costs:

1. Argentina

Buenos Aires is the capital city of Argentina in South America

Why work in Argentina? Known for its friendly locals, subtropical scenery (including the awe-inspiring Patagonia Steppes), and vibrant culture – Argentina offers a compelling destination for those seeking a unique and enriching lifestyle.

Argentina’s economy has been rocky since its “Digital Nomad Visa” launched in 2022. Its currency, the peso, has lost value. The far-right president-elect, Javier Milei, is considering scrapping it altogether. Nomads should use the US dollar to make their money go further.

UK time difference: GMT – 3 hours
Visa length:
180 days
Visa cost:
$200 (est. £156)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to 360 days

Where can I apply? Applications must be submitted to the Argentinian embassy in London
Visa criteria:
residence permit (for those planning to stay for 90+ days), proof that you will not work for an Argentinian employer, minimum income requirement of £2,000 per month.

2. Belize

Belize

Why work in Belize? Home to the world’s second-largest barrier reef, Belize is a hidden Central America treasure for UK expats. Boasting friendly and diverse locals, unparalleled diving spots, and tropical forests, it’s filled with plenty of digital nomad hot spots including Umaya Village and Caye Caulker.

The Belizean “Work Where You Vacation” programme allows individuals to move to Belize for six months. Unusually, this also gives you a work permit, so you'll be able to sign contracts with Belizean companies should you wish.

UK time difference: GMT – 6 hours
Visa length:
Six months
Visa cost:
$300 (est. £239)
Is it renewable?
Yes

Where can I apply? Applications must be submitted to the Belizean embassy in London
Visa criteria:
minimum annual income of £60,000, travel insurance policy of minimum £40,000 coverage, proof you will not work for a Belizean employer.

3. Brazil

Aerial view of Rio De Janeiro. Corcovado mountain with statue of Christ the Redeemer, urban areas of Botafogo and Centro, Sugarloaf mountain.

Why work in Brazil? Famous for its love of sport and proximity to the world-famous Amazon rainforest, Brazil is a country where every day is a carnival filled with music, colour, and its delicious national bean dish, feijoada. This tropical paradise is also surprisingly affordable to live in, and guarantees nomads access to free healthcare.

Brazil was the first South American country to introduce a digital nomad visa in January 2022 (called the “Temporary Visa VITEM XIV”) and has already established a strong nomad community, particularly in beachside villages like Florianopolis and Jericoacoara.

UK time difference: GMT – 3 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
$100 (est. £80)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to two years

Where can I apply? Applications must be submitted to the Brazilian embassy in London
Visa criteria:
proof you will not work for a Brazilian employer, minimum monthly income of £1,100, proof you are employed in one of the below professions:

  • Customer service
  • Online teacher
  • Content writer
  • Data analyst
  • Web developer
  • Freelance translator
  • Digital marketer

4. Colombia

Skyline of Medellin from the Metro Cable station

Why work in Colombia? Colombia beckons thousands of digital nomads every year with its vibrant culture and delectable cuisine. Major cities like Medellin and Bogotá have become a global beacon for remote workers, creating a thriving network of modern coworking spaces.

Colombia’s “Visa V Nómadas Digitales” became available to remote workers in January 2023. Holders can stay in the country for two years, allowing time to take in natural wonders like the Amazon rainforest, Tayrona National Park, and the iconic Coffee Triangle region.

UK time difference: GMT – 5 hours
Visa length:
Two years (you can stay in the country for six months in a year)
Visa cost:
$52 (est. £42) for application; $200 (est. £160)
Is it renewable?
Yes

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: minimum monthly income of £1,700, proof you will not work for a Colombian employer,

5. Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Why work in Costa Rica? With a coast on the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west, Costa Rica is the ultimate paradise for UK expats. Known for its lush rainforests and culturally-embedded love of its wildlife, Costa Rica’s green landscape is also a popular destination for ecotourism, and is home to a staggering variety of plants and animals.

Digital nomads should apply for the “Costa Rica Rentista Work Visa”. First introduced in 2022, it is exclusively issued to freelancers or the self-employed.

UK time difference: GMT – 6 hours
Visa length:
Two years
Visa cost:
$250 (est. £200)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to three years

Where can I apply? Applications must be submitted to the Costa Rican embassy in London
Visa criteria:
minimum monthly income of £2,000, fingerprint records, proof you are not working for any full-time employer.

6. El Salvador

El Salvador

Why work in El Salvador? One of El Salvador’s biggest cultural attractions is its cafes. Workers can relax in the baroque architecture of cities like Santa Ana and San Salvador, devour a warm pupusa flatbread, and enjoy breathtaking views of the Santa Ana volcano.

As the first country to adopt Bitcoin as legal tender, and to cut all taxes related to tech innovation, El Salvador’s “Digital Nomad Visa” is ideal for tech workers. It is very expensive to acquire, however, with the full submission totalling around £2,253.

UK time difference: GMT – 6 hours
Visa length:
Two years
Visa cost:
$2,825 (est. £2,253). Includes taxes, government and lawyer fees, translations, and all paperwork.
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to four years (renewal fee of £360)

Where can I apply? Applications must be submitted to the El Salvadoran embassy in London
Visa criteria:
minimum monthly income of £1,165, proof you will not work for an El Salvadoran employer, those applying through an agency must submit a power of attorney.

7. Mexico

Why work in Mexico? What’s not to love about the land that gave us Mariachi music? Boasting terrific food and low living costs, remote workers will feel right at home in Mexico’s hacienda-style towns, biodiverse nature, and ancient historical sites.

Mexico’s digital nomad visa is technically called the “Temporary Residence Visa”. Handily, it permits the holder to work for local employers. However, be aware that if you make over 50% of your income in Mexico, you will need to pay income tax of anything between 0%-30%.

UK time difference: GMT – 6 hours
Visa length:
Six months
Visa cost:
£32 (interview fee) + £120 (application fee)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to four years

Where can I apply? Take all relevant documents to a pre-arranged in-person interview at the Mexican embassy in London. You can expect to receive your Temporary Residence card after two months in the country.
Visa criteria:
minimum monthly income of £2,100.

8. Panama

Aerial view of the modern skyline of Panama City , Panama

Why work in Panama? Panama’s proven popularity with tourists comes from its ability to have it all. Alongside bustling, skyscraper cities, nature lovers can also enjoy tropical rainforests, savannas, coral reefs, and the famous Cordillera Central mountain range.

Sadly, this tourist hotspot took a hit post-COVID. In May 2021, the government created the “Short-Stay Visa for Remote Workers”, in the hopes of attracting digital nomads and freelancers who will provide valuable investment into the economy.

UK time difference: GMT – 5 hours
Visa length:
Nine months
Visa cost:
£200 for application submission; £40 for the visa card
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to 18 months

Where can I apply? Fill in the application form at a pre-arranged in-person interview at the Panamanian embassy in London
Visa criteria:
affidavit of non-acceptance of any jobs within Panama, minimum annual income of £28,000, letter from employer confirming job role, proof of business registration (if self-employed)

9. Uruguay

Uruguay

Why work in Uruguay? With easily the smoothest application process in South America, Uruguay’s “Digital Nomad Visa” invites applicants to experience stunning rolling plains, savour its renowned steak cuisine, and witness (or even learn) the thrilling dance of the Uruguayan tango.

UK expats do not need a visa to enter Uruguay, and almost all of your application process must be done in the country, so it’s a very simple entry process. Costing just £8 on arrival, this is an excellent option for spontaneous workers seeking a last-minute change of scene.

UK time difference: GMT – 3 hours
Visa length:
Six months
Visa cost:
£8 (payable on arrival)
Is it renewable?
Yes, up to one year

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: signed affidavit that you can support yourself financially in the country, vaccination certificate (obtained in Uruguay)

African countries offering digital nomad visas

Africa might not be the first continent that comes to mind when you think of remote working locations. That’s what makes it the perfect option for those wanting an untapped region to explore extraordinary landmarks, unique natural wonders, and scrumptious local cuisine.

Because it’s still finding its way onto the digital nomad map, Africa is also a great region for finding low-cost visas that are easy to obtain. You won’t have to jump through hoops to find your perfect desktop view.

Four countries across the African continent have opened their borders to UK digital nomad workers so far. Here’s a quick breakdown of their pros, cons, and costs:

1. Cape Verde

Fontainhas village and terrace fields in Santo Antao island, Cape Verde, Africa

Why work in Cape Verde? Those seeking a slow and easy-going culture, warm weather, and tight-knit local community will find Cape Verde a superb getaway from the hustle and bustle of city life. Sip a glass of grogue (the country’s national rum that’s distilled on the islands of Santo Antao and Santiago) as you wind down after work.

The “Remote Working Cabo Verde” program, introduced in December 2020, is the best route into this idyllic lifestyle. With a quick, two-week turnaround time, you’ll be typing on the beach in no time.

UK time difference: GMT – 1 hour
Visa length:
Six months
Visa cost:
visa fee of €20 (£) + airport fee of €34 (£)

Is it renewable? Yes

Where can I apply? Complete application form. After arrival, email the Remote Working Program to receive the visa stamp within 30 days.
Visa criteria:
minimum monthly income of £1,200, proof of secured accommodation in Cape Verde.

2. Mauritius

Mauritius

Why work in Mauritius? If sandy white beaches and impossibly blue waters are your thing, you can’t go wrong with Mauritius. Day-to-day, you’ll be able to sample diverse, spice-filled cuisine, swim amongst colourful coral reefs, and cool down in a buzzing coworking space.

Introduced in 2021, and still completely free to apply, the “Mauritius Premium Visa” is the best option for digital nomads interested in securing a good sunbathing spot. Most applicants receive a response within 48 hours.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
Free
Is it renewable? Yes

Where can I apply? Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of secured accommodation in Mauritius, minimum monthly income of £1,200, outbound airline ticket if you want to stay beyond six months.

3. Seychelles

Seychelles

Why work in Seychelles? As a stunning archipelago in the Indian Ocean, Seychelles is renowned for pristine beaches and biodiversity, and as well as a honeymoon hotspot, it’s a great workstation for eco-warriors. Recently, concerted efforts have been made to protect the country’s wildlife including the rare giant Aldabra tortoises and mountain rainforests of Morne Seychellois National Park.

The island country’s digital nomad visa, the “Workation Retreat Program”, has been active since April 2021. To qualify, expats must apply for the Visitors Workation Permit (VWP) at least 60 days before entering Seychelles.

UK time difference: GMT – 4 hours
Visa length:
One year
Visa cost:
£40
Is it renewable? Yes

Where can I apply?  Online visa portal
Visa criteria: proof of secured accommodation in the Seychelles, an outbound journey ticket, proof of employment or self-employment (usually a letter from employer or clients).

Guide to applying for a digital nomad visa

Moving to a new country is an exciting time for freelance or self-employed workers. After all, you have complete freedom to decide where your career will take you. That said, the legal considerations, particularly surrounding visa applications, can also make it a bit daunting.

Luckily, most countries follow a similar process to make completing and submitting your application as simple as possible for the unfamiliar. Registering for a digital nomad visa is typically done via one of the following methods (you can check the website of the country you are visiting to see which channels they offer):

1. Visa portal 

Also known as an e-Visa, this allows travellers to apply for visas over the internet, eliminating the need to visit an embassy or consulate in person. As a result, the application is typically processed faster than paperwork.

To use an e-Visa portal, simply create an account on the website of the country you are visiting to complete the form, upload required documents, and settle any fees. You’ll then be alerted if your application has been accepted via email.

2. Through the mail

Download the visa application form from the embassy website and fill it in. Gather the required supporting documents. These can differ by country, but all will require a passport photo and a copy of your passport.

Mail the application packet to the relevant embassy. The packet should include the completed application form, all documents, and (if required) the visa fee payment. You can track the status of an application online or by contacting the embassy directly.

3. Visiting an embassy

The most common procedure for obtaining a visa from the UK is to take your completed application form to the relevant consulate (the majority of which are located in London, Edinburgh, or Manchester).

Expats should prepare the required documents as outlined on the embassy website, and arrange an appointment. You will then go through a short interview at the appointment where you will submit the documents in-person, and pay the entry fee.

What documents do I need to apply for a digital nomad visa?

Depending on the country of issue, you can be asked to provide any of the below documents as part of your digital nomad visa application.

  • Completed visa application form
  • Passport
  • Two passport photos (typically these must be 2 x 2 inches)
  • Proof of income (payslip, bank statement)
  • Proof of employment (employer or client contract)
  • Proof of secured accommodation (booking receipt)
  • Return flight ticket
  • Valid health and/or travel insurance
  • If you own a company or shares, you may also need a document that states information on the operation of the business, the nature of your job in the firm, the scope of the firm’s activities, and the ownership of your shares in the firm

How long does it take to process a digital nomad visa application?

Generally, the majority of digital nomad visa applications take around one month to process. However, this can vary massively depending on the country of issue and how tight their restrictions are.

For example, Barbados promises a 48 hour turnaround time for applications, upon which you’ll receive a phone call confirming you are permitted to legally enter the country. Mexico, in comparison, requires a wait of up to two months to get the temporary residence card.

Digital nomad visa FAQs
  • What are the benefits of being a digital nomad?
    Digital nomads are not restricted to an office or even a country. They can work wherever, and whenever they want, giving them complete freedom of movement to experience any number of cultures and environments. Workers who acquire a digital nomad visa also tend to receive tax breaks, meaning they do not have to pay income tax.
  • How many countries offer a digital nomad visa?
    This guide covers 45 countries across Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, and the Caribbean that offer digital nomad visas. Some, such as Germany, may not offer a specific digital nomad visa, but instead provide alternative employment or tourist visas that can be used for short-term remote work or freelancing.
  • Do you need to be in a job to apply for a digital nomad visa?
    The majority of countries offering a digital nomad visa require either proof of employment with a company, or freelancer contracts, to prove you will be able to support yourself financially upon arrival. Some, particularly in Europe, also set high minimum income requirements as an added precaution.
  • How long do digital nomad visas last?
    The duration of your digital nomad visa will vary depending on the country of issue. However, the majority are valid for one year, with the option to extend for additional periods on top of this allowance.
Written by:
Helena Young
Helena is Lead Writer at Startups. As resident people and premises expert, she's an authority on topics such as business energy, office and coworking spaces, and project management software. With a background in PR and marketing, Helena also manages the Startups 100 Index and is passionate about giving early-stage startups a platform to boost their brands. From interviewing Wetherspoon's boss Tim Martin to spotting data-led working from home trends, her insight has been featured by major trade publications including the ICAEW, and news outlets like the BBC, ITV News, Daily Express, and HuffPost UK.

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