The 6 key dates for a limited company

From your date of incorporation to your confirmation statements, make sure your small business keeps on top of the important reporting dates...

Once you’ve formed a limited company there are 6 key dates that you need to be aware of. Some of these will eventually require your attention and some are simply good to know. In this post we’re going to take a look at all these dates and explain why they should be on your radar.

1. Date of incorporation

Let’s start with an easy one. The date of incorporation is the date that your limited company was formed. It will have an impact on most of the dates that are going to follow and will be needed when you’re completing forms for your company (opening a bank account for example).

2. Accounting reference date

All limited companies must file annual accounts on an annual basis, even if they’ve never traded. The accounting reference date acts as marker to show the minimum period that your company’s annual accounts should cover up to. The accounting reference date is automatically set as the last day of the month that the company was formed in. For example, a company formed in January would have 31/01 as its accounting reference date. The first set of accounts should cover from incorporation up until the accounting reference date (at least), the second should cover from where the previous accounts left off, up until the accounting reference date (at least) again.

3. Last accounts made up to date

This is the date that the last annual accounts covered up to (not the date that they were filed). If a company has not filed accounts this date will be blank.

4. Next accounts due

The last point at which your company’s annual accounts should be delivered. If you do not file accounts at all Companies House will eventually close your company. If you file accounts but after the due date has passed you will need to pay a penalty – the total of which depends on how late you were.

5. Last confirmation statement date

All companies must file a confirmation statement – previously known as an annual return – at least once a year. This is a report that details your company’s registered office, director, person with significant control, shareholder and share information. It does not include any financial information. The last confirmation statement date is the date that the last statement covered up to.

6. Next confirmation statement due

The date you should file your confirmation statement by. It is a criminal offense to not file a confirmation statement – if you are late Companies House can close your company and also fine company directors.

Once your company has been formed you can view all these dates on your company admin portal (if you formed with a company formation agent; alternatively they can be viewed on the Companies House WebCheck site).

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